Who was Cleopatra?

In the first century before Christ, Rome had already assumed a fairly complete control of the civilized world. Egypt was almost the only land her legions had not conquered, and even the Egyptian kings retained their independence only by a submissive friendliness to whatever Rome demanded. One of these kings, dying before his children were grown up, left Egypt to the Roman Senate to act as trustees for his children. The oldest of these was Cleopatra, a girl of seventeen; but the Senate consented to her exclusion in favor of her younger brother. Cleopatra gathered soldiers to fight for her rights. Then there broke out the great civil war between the Roman leaders Pompey and Caesar. Pompey fled to Egypt, and perished there. Caesar pursued him.

Then came Cleopatra's first great adventure. She was still only a girl twenty years old; Caesar, the war-worn veteran, was in a camp surrounded by her enemies. She secured an interview with him, tradition says, by having herself secretly carried into his quarters wrapped in a roll of carpet. At any rate, she won the heart of the celebrated conqueror. He became her lover, espoused her cause, and after overthrowing her brother's adherents placed Cleopatra upon the Egyptian throne.

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Read about Who was Cleopatra? in the The Story of the Greatest Nations and the Worlds Famous Events Vol 1

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