Who is Persephone?

THE Greeks personified everything in nature and explained all the conditions of life and climate that surrounded them by stories which we call "nature myths." Thus they said that Jupiter had two brothers Neptune and Pluto, and that to secure their allegiance he divided his domain with them, keeping the land for himself, giving Neptune the sea, and assigning the dark underworld of Hades to Pluto.

Pluto, however, was so discontent with his cheerless realm that Jupiter allowed him to carry off the fairest maid on earth, Proserpine, to share his throne. Persephonetypifies the green and beautiful summertime, or perhaps more accurately the warmth and fire which are the source of life everywhere and were as necessary in Hades as on earth. Persephonewas the daughter of Ceres, the goddess of earth's vegetation and harvests; and Ceres searched the whole universe for her lost daughter, mourning and refusing comfort. While Ceres mourned, the harvests ceased; all plant life was checked in its growth, so earth was perishing. At length Jupiter revealed to her what had happened, and compelled Pluto to release Persephone and let her return to earth every year and spend six months with Ceres. So every year earth blooms with warmth while Persephoneis here, then fades and shrivels while she spends the winter in Pluto's chill domain.

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Read about Who is Persephone? in the The Story of the Greatest Nations and the Worlds Famous Events Vol 1

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