Sennacherib: King of Assyria

The tyrant Sennacherib was slain by his own sons eight years after he destroyed Babylon. Thus his cruelties availed him nothing; they reacted upon himself. His sons attacked him suddenly in a temple, "while he was worshipping in the house of his god." Possibly the attack was part of another priestly revolt such as that of Babylon; for the priesthood of the empire seem to have been always set against Sennacherib, and his death resulted in a civil war, at the end of which not the sons who had killed him but another son, Esar-haddon, succeeded to the throne. This new king was a favorite of the priests, who aided him in making his reign one of splendor and of peace.

Esar-haddon proved the best as well as the most successful among the monarchs of Assyria's magnificence. He began his reign by rebuilding Babylon, seeking even to enhance its former greatness. The Babylonian leaders were everywhere freed from captivity, the former inhabitants were invited back to their city, and supported there. We even find it recorded that, as the corner-stones of the great buildings were laid, Esar-haddon himself assumed the dress of the masons, and conducted the religious rites of the ceremony. All through the land of Babylonia Esar-haddon restored the shrines of the gods. There were thirty-six temples in all, which we are told that he "lined with shining sheets of gold and silver." He built palaces as well, encouraged all the arts of peace, and restored religion to its earlier dignity and influence.

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Read about Sennacherib: King of Assyria in the The Story of the Greatest Nations and the Worlds Famous Events Vol 1

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