Nebuchadnezzar conquers Jerusalem

The overthrow of Assyria enabled Babylon to regain much of her former control of western Asia. Her most celebrated ruler during this, her second period of empire, was Nebuchadnezzar II. He did what Sennacherib had failed to do, conquered the mountain fortress of Jerusalem. Hence Nebuchadnezzar's name also stands black and terrible in the records of the Hebrews. They resisted the Babylonian army in two sieges. The first of these Nebuchadnezzar conducted in person; and after the city had surrendered he carried away all the chief men, the nobles, the warriors and the builders. Jeremiah the prophet, who had warned the Jews not to attempt resistance, mourned amid the remnant of his country folk.

The second siege was an unimportant affair from the Babylonian viewpoint, a brief outbreak easily subdued by one of the generals of the king. But Nebuchadnezzar was now convinced that there would be no real submission in Palestine as long as Jerusalem remained. So he ordered the city destroyed and all the remnant of the people carried into captivity. How thoroughly this work of destruction was done we learn from the Biblical book of the Lamentations of Jeremiah. Indeed, from all Jeremiah's prophecies we gather how tremendous was the impression made upon the minds of his contemporaries by the power of Babylon and of this, her last great king.>

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Read about Nebuchadnezzar conquers Jerusalem in the The Story of the Greatest Nations and the Worlds Famous Events Vol 1

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