Moses and the Exodus

To understand the treatment of the Hebrews in Egypt, we must understand something of the political conditions in the land itself. In Joseph's day Egypt was ruled by foreigners, a horde of Asiatic nomads who had invaded the land and conquered it. Hence the support of other Asiatic wanderers, such as the Hebrews, was very welcome to the conquerors; but after a time these foreign tyrants were expelled by the Egyptians, and the native Pharaohs, who regained the throne, regarded the Hebrews very differently. They were looked on with suspicion, hatred, and something of fear. The unfortunate Israelites, reduced almost to the position of slaves, resolved to leave the country in a body.

The great leader of this migration was Moses. We have no mention of him outside of the Bible; but the migration is an established historical fact, and the remarkable laws of the Hebrews are in themselves evidence of the existence of some such wonderful leader and law-giver. When Moses first urged his countrymen to leave Egypt they gave him little heed. Their life was, indeed, hard; but they had well-nigh forgotten any other, were quite unfitted to maintain themselves in the old, wild nomadic existence. Only after repeated pleadings by Moses did his people follow him back to the hard freedom of the desert.

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Read about Moses and the Exodus in the The Story of the Greatest Nations and the Worlds Famous Events Vol 1

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