Destruction of Jerusalem

Once the religious issue had been raised, the Jews met it with intense earnestness, or what their enemies called fanaticism. Just as they had defied the power of their Greek rulers, so later they defied that of Rome, but with less success. The Emperor Caligula commanded everyone throughout his empire to worship him as a god. The Jews were the one nation which refused obedience. Hence there arose more religious persecutions, one succeeding another. The Emperor Vespasian stormed and sacked Jerusalem. And then, a little more than a century after Christ, there came the final dispersal of the Jewish people, which reduced them to what they have been ever since--a nation without a country.

This final destruction of Jerusalem was the work of the Roman general Severus. The Jews had risen in rebellion under a leader who claimed to be their Messiah. So resolute was their resistance and so repeated had been their outbreaks, that Severus resolved to exterminate the race. He destroyed each town and village as his army captured it; and so, coming at last to Jerusalem, he sacked and burned it, his soldiers slaying all who resisted and making slaves of the survivors, who were carried off to other lands. The Kingdom of Judea ended in a whirlwind of flame and slaughter.

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Read about Destruction of Jerusalem in the The Story of the Greatest Nations and the Worlds Famous Events Vol 1

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