Ancient Babylonian History

Not merely by the power of the sword, but chiefly by the powers of the mind, did Babylon hold that foremost place in the ancient world to which she was raised by Hammurabi. Her sway over the ruder peoples who surrounded her was the sway of the intellect; and our world of today is the product of the thought, the culture, the civilization which was there created and spread abroad.

The city of Babylon became the centre of trade not only of Babylonia but of all western Asia, the centre and the nucleus of all wealth. The conquests made by Babylon brought to her the products and the slaves of every land. Merchants journeyed to her from afar. She was the "melting pot" of old, wherein all nations mingled and each gave its best.

Hammurabi also made his city the religious centre of the land. He destroyed the older shrines, and declared Babylon's god, Marduk or Baal-Merodach, to be the greatest of all the gods. Gradually the other cities of Babylonia accepted this belief. Much of the religious thought of Babylon was adopted by the Hebrews, and traces of it have thus been enshrined forever in the Christian Bible. Babylon became not only the London, the chief market of the ancient world, but also its Rome, its venerated religious shrine, and then its Paris, the home of all its fashion and its art.

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Read about Ancient Babylonian History in the The Story of the Greatest Nations and the Worlds Famous Events Vol 1

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