Who was Artaxerxes?



AFTER the Persian empire had been crushed by Alexander the Great, the Persian people remained during five hundred years subject to one nation of conquerors after another. The Greeks, the Romans, and then the Parthians dominated the land. Yet the brave-hearted Persians through all this period never ceased to dream of their independence and ancient greatness. Then, at length, their power was suddenly restored by the romance and heroism of a single man, Artaxerxes. He was one of their ancient nobility who revolted against Parthia, raised the standard of Persia's traditional glory, and summoned his people to resume their dominion. They responded eagerly. Their romantic young leader sent a challenge to the Parthians to meet his followers in even battle and decide which nation should rule the other. The challenge was accepted and the Parthians to meet his followers in even battle and decide which nation should rule the other. The challenge was accepted and the Persians were victorious in the tremendous two-days' battle of Hormuz. Artaxerxes next, in similar fashion, sent defiance to the Romans, and defeated them also.

This gorgeous and dashing prince then set himself to revive the shadowy splendor of the former Persian court. The dances and games of earlier days were displayed before him, and the fiercer sport of dalliance with dangerous beasts. Artaxerxes, however, soon wearied of these spectacles. Religion and love of country had urged him to his work. Now that his aim was accomplished he resolved to withdraw to a life of religious meditation. He abandoned his throne to his son.






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Read about Who was Artaxerxes? in the The Story of the Greatest Nations and the Worlds Famous Events Vol 1

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