Where is Nippur?



It is an odd fact that the oldest history is the most recent to be written. Scientists are today digging amid the ruins of ancient cities, and from the fragments thus found we have at last learned much about days and nations long forgotten. We think of Rome as old, but before Rome began these nations were already three times as old a Rome is today.

The earliest civilization yet discovered is that of ancient Babylonia, the region along the lower course of the Euphrates River. Apparently the oldest city of all was Nippur, where scientists from our American University of Pennsylvania have been exploring for years. This city was repeatedly destroyed by fire or flood, and each time the people built above the old ruins, so that now many layers of ruin lie one above the other. The explorers have taken great care to leave as much as possible of the rediscovered ruins standing just as the spade dug them out, while further excavations have been continued to greater depths beneath them. Strange pillars and fragments, raised one above the other, have been brought to the light of day and stand towering above the bottom of deep pits, as they never did in their own time. The temple of the god En-lil was built upon an older temple of the storm goblins. The lowest level of all reveals the remains of an ancient fishing-village which lay upon the banks of the Euphrates at least ten thousand years ago.






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Read about Where is Nippur? in the The Story of the Greatest Nations and the Worlds Famous Events Vol 1

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