Ctesiphon: ancient capital city of Persia



MOST pathetic, perhaps, of all Persian tales is that of the two queens who ruled the land for a brief moment in the days of its downfall. The savage spirit displayed by Sapor continued typical of the Persian royal house for centuries. At length a king, Kobad, having gained the throne by the assassination of his own father, attempted to murder all his relatives that he might be secure from being assassinated in his turn. Six months later he died of the plague. In the Persian capital, Ctesiphon, there were plague, civil war, robbery, and every form of terror. Then the Arab followers of Mahomet burst into the land.

The last survivors of the royal house, two young sisters, were placed upon the throne. They had no real power. Savage generals fought blindly among themselves, while the enemy ravaged the provinces, and the two young queens in the seclusion of the palace courts awaited their turn for death. Boran, the elder sister, perished within a year. Azarmidot, the younger, then made a more determined fight for herself. She overthrew one pretender who had seized the throne. She secured the death of another rebel, the grand-marshal of Khorasan. But the son of the latter, a noted Persian warrior named Rustam, dethroned her and cast her into a loathsome prison. He then met the Mahometan invaders. But the Persians were completely defeated, and their land has remained Mahometan ever since.






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Read about Ctesiphon: ancient capital city of Persia in the The Story of the Greatest Nations and the Worlds Famous Events Vol 1

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